China completes construction of space weather telescope


BEIJING: China completed the construction of its first interplanetary scintillation observation telescope — a device used for studying space weather, in Xilingol League, north China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region on Friday.

The telescope project, independently developed by China, is spearheaded by the National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, as reported by China Central Television. It comprises a primary station and two auxiliary stations.

The telescope will efficiently conduct the observation of interplanetary space weather on a daily basis to provide high-quality data for both China and international space weather forecasting.

Source: Emirates News Agency

MBRSC announces commencement of new phase of second analog study with Emirati crew member Shareef AlRomaithi


DUBAI: The Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre (MBRSC) today announced the commencement of phase two of the second analog study under the UAE Analog Programme, with Emirati crew member Shareef AlRomaithi entering the Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA) habitat at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, USA at 2 AM (UAE time) on Saturday.

AlRomaithi was joined by his fellow primary crew members Jason Lee, Stephanie Navarro, and Piyumi Wijesekara, as they embarked on the 45-day mission within the HERA facility. The alternate crew members for this mission are Jose Baca and Brandon Kent. The unique three-story habitat simulates space-like conditions on Earth, designed to study how crew members adapt to isolation, confinement, and remote conditions similar to those they would face on long-duration space missions.

Throughout their simulated journey in HERA, the team will engage in scientific research and operational tasks. This mission on Earth includes a virtual reality ‘walk’ on Mars’s surface and mana
ging increasing communication delays with Mission Control Center as they simulate nearing Mars. The crew is scheduled to leave the facility on June 24.

Salem Humaid AlMarri, Director General, MBRSC said, ‘The UAE Analog Programme is a cornerstone of our vision to integrate advanced scientific research with our strategic objectives, positioning the UAE as a leader in space technology both regionally and internationally. Through these detailed Earth-based simulations in collaboration with our partners at NASA, we are meticulously preparing our cadres for the vast challenges of deep space exploration, establishing the UAE and the broader Arab world as pivotal players in the international space community and inspiring generations to expand the horizons of human potential.’

The second analog study under the UAE Analog Programme is part of a comprehensive four-phase analog study, consisting of 18 human health studies on Earth. These studies are aimed at understanding the physiological, behavioural, and psychologi
cal responses of crew members under conditions similar to those expected on future lunar and Martian exploration missions. The UAE also plays a pivotal role in these ground-breaking research initiatives, with scientific experiments being provided by the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU), Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences (MBRU), and American University of Sharjah (AUS), across all four phases of the analog study.

Source: Emirates News Agency

‘Extreme’ G5 geomagnetic storm reaches Earth, NOAA says, following ‘unusual’ solar event


WASHINGTON: An “extreme” G5 geomagnetic storm reached Earth on Friday, NOAA’s Space Weather Prediction Center said, after issuing a watch earlier in the day warning of the potential for a severe impact.

According to CBS News, the watch followed days of solar activity that sent several explosions of plasma and magnetic fields toward Earth.

G5 is the strongest level of geomagnetic storm, on a scale from G1 to G5.

“Widespread voltage control problems and protective system problems can occur,” the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) warns. “Some grid systems may experience complete collapse or blackouts. Transformers may experience damage.”

Radio transmissions and satellite navigation may also be disrupted.

The last G5 geomagnetic storm, in October 2003, caused power outages in Sweden and damaged transformers in South Africa.

Source: Emirates News Agency

China’s Chang’e 6 robotic probe enters lunar orbit


BEIJING: China’s Chang’e 6 robotic probe entered a lunar orbit on Wednesday morning and started flying around the Moon, according to the China National Space Administration.

China Daily quoted the administration as saying that, guided with precision by spacecraft control experts at the Beijing Aerospace Control Centre, the Chang’e 6 probe executed a braking maneuver as it neared the lunar surface, subsequently achieving successful entry into lunar orbit at 10:12 am.

Before the crucial maneuver, the 8.35-metric-ton Chang’e 6 had flown nearly 113 hours along an Earth-Moon transfer trajectory.

A key orbital control measure for any lunar mission, the braking operation is performed to reduce the spacecraft’s speed to make sure it can be captured by the Moon’s gravitational field rather than accidentally flying past the celestial body.

The Chang’e 6 spacecraft was launched by a Long March 5 heavy-lift carrier rocket on Friday afternoon at the Wenchang Space Launch Centre in Hainan province, in an attempt to rea
lise the world’s first expedition to bring samples from the lunar far side back to Earth.

The Chang’e 6 spacecraft is designed and built by the Beijing-based China Academy of Space Technology and consists of four components – an orbiter, a lander, an ascender, and a reentry capsule.

Source: Emirates News Agency

Sharjah Social Empowerment Foundation participates in educational Conference in Riyadh


SHARJAH: The Sharjah Social Empowerment Foundation (SSEF) participated in the Educational Innovation Conference held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

At the conference, the foundation presented a comprehensive study on the role of the pioneering educational project “Teach with Pen,” which provides psychological and educational guidance to orphans. The Conference served as a platform to showcase and celebrate innovative approaches to education.

Mona Al-Suwaidi, Director-General of SSEF, expressed the foundation’s commitment to knowledge sharing and collaboration, “We actively participate in such events to exchange ideas and experiences. It’s crucial to stay updated on new developments in education to better serve and care for orphans.”

Al-Suwaidi elaborated on the SSEF study, involving 972 orphans across Sharjah, central, and eastern regions, benefiting from “Teach with Pen.” The study underscored the importance of integrating academic support with psychological and educational guidance to enhance educational outco
mes and well-being for orphaned children.

She further highlighted the initiative’s practical applications through psychological and educational counselling programmes. “Teach with Pen” serves as a benchmark for the foundation, bridging the gap between theory and practice in education and psychology.

The study also addressed the impact of adverse psychological conditions on academic performance, a recurring challenge addressed in the programme’s counseling services.

Al-Suwaidi emphasised the need for further programme development, “This study is a valuable resource for educators. We must continuously improve such programmes to better support orphaned children.”

The conference served as a platform for discussing a wide range of topics pertinent to educational innovation, including the development of teaching methods, curriculum enhancement, educational administration, and supervision. It also addressed the utilisation of educational psychology and specialised fields such as special education to further enri
ch educational practices and outcomes.

Source: Emirates News Agency

AUS launches three research centres at inaugural innovation expo


SHARJAH: Research at American University of Sharjah (AUS) is set to grow with the launch of three cutting-edge research centres, each dedicated to addressing critical challenges and driving innovation in their respective fields. The launch was announced at the AUS Innovation Expo: Future of Research and Technology in the UAE on 6th May.

The Energy, Water and Sustainable Environment Research Centre in the AUS College of Engineering aims to address sustainability challenges in line with the UAE Net Zero 2050 and the National Water and Energy Demand Management Program. Similarly, the Centre for Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Sustainable Development in the AUS School of Business Administration focuses on supporting the UAE’s National Entrepreneurship Agenda, fostering an entrepreneurial ecosystem.

The Materials Research Centre in the AUS College of Arts and Sciences is dedicated to driving innovation in advanced materials, energy and the environment, aligning with the UAE Economic Vision 2030.

Dr. Mohamad El
-Tarhuni, Interim Provost and Chief Academic Officer at AUS, said, ‘Cultivating a culture of research excellence is pivotal in our mission at AUS. The establishment of these transformative research centres underscores our strategic commitment to not only addressing pressing global challenges but also positioning ourselves at the forefront of innovation. Through rigorous inquiry and interdisciplinary collaboration, we aim to chart new territories and make enduring contributions to the advancement of knowledge and society.’

The expo also featured a keynote speech by Dr. Chaouki T. Abdalla, Executive Vice President for Research at Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, and a member of the AUS Board of Trustees, titled “Building a World-Class Research and Innovation Organization.” Hatem Al Mosa, Chief Executive Officer of Sharjah National Oil Corporation also shared insights on fostering innovation with his keynote speech titled ‘Building an Innovation Ecosystem.’

Current AUS research was shared at the expo, as
AUS faculty members spoke on topics such as smart cities and infrastructure, biomedical engineering, sustainable technologies and more.

AUS students were able to present their innovative ideas and entrepreneurial ventures at the expo through the AUS:Sheraa Pitch Challenge, a research poster session and an exhibit of projects by students of the College of Architecture, Art and Design.

Source: Emirates News Agency